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|Over 30 percent of athletes who competed at the 2011 world championships admitted to having used banned substances in the past Cheap Air Max 90 Sale , according to a World Anti-Doping Agency-commissioned study released yesterday.
The study, conducted by researchers from Germany’s University of Tuebingen and Harvard Medical School in 2011, found that more than 30 percent of worlds participants and over 45 percent of athletes at the 2011 Pan-Arab Games said they had taken banned drugs.
The researchers asked a total of 2,167 athletes whether they had used banned substances. A combined total of 5 Cheap Air Max Sale ,187 athletes competed at those two events.
The 2011 world championships were held in Daegu, South Korea while Qatar hosted the Pan-Arab Games that year.
A process of indirect questioning was used for the study titled “Doping in Two Elite Athletics Competitions Assessed by Randomized-Response Surveys” to protect the athletes’ anonymity.
More than 90 percent of athletes asked to take part agreed to do so. Only 0.5 percent of drugs tests in Daegu were positive, while the figure was 3.6 percent at the Pan-Arab Games.
“The study shows that biological tests of blood and urine reveal only a fraction of doping cases,” said Harrison Pope Cheap Nike Air Max 95 Clearance , Harvard Medical School professor.
“As described in the publication this is likely due to the fact that athletes have found numerous ways so as not to be caught during tests.”
The study’s release had been delayed for years as the researchers wrangled with the World Anti-Doping Agency and the International Association of Athletics Federations over how it was to be published.
It has now been published in Sports Medicine magazine.
Athletics is desperate to improve its tarnished image after a doping scandal led to the banning of Russia’s track and field team from the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
BAKU， May 6， 2016(Xinhua) -- Lukas Malicsek (L) of Austria vies with Stefan Kovac of Bosnia-Herzegovina during the European U17 Championship preliminary match between Austria and Bosnia-Herzegovina in Baku， Azerbaijan， on May 5， 2016. Austria won 2-0. (XinhuaTofik Babayev)
PARIS， April 23 (Xinhua) -- Following is the result of a French Ligue 1 match played on Saturday:
Toulouse 2 Lyon 3
Played on Friday
Nice 2 Reims 0
Playing on Sunday
Marseille vs Nantes
Montpellier vs Troyes
Guingamp vs Caen
Saint-Etienne vs Lorient
Ajaccio vs Bastia
Rennes vs Monaco
Playing on Wednesday April 27
Lille vs Angers
Playing on Wednesday May 11
Bordeaux vs Paris Saint-Germain
By Zhang Qian
BEIJING, June 15 (Xinhuanet) -- As an ancient ethnic group, the Gelao people today carry on some common cultural features with the Han, while still keeping some of their own cultural legacies.
With a population of 550 Cheap Nike Air Max 90 Clearance ,746, most of the Gelao live in Guizhou Province, while there are small groups of settlers in Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
The history of the Gelao people can be traced to the “Baipu” people living from the Shang Dynasty (16th-11th century BC) to the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24). The “Pu” and “Liao” people living from Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220) to the Southern and Northern Dynasties (AD 420-589) are also closely related to the Gelao ancestors. The people were first named “Gelao” in the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), and its name was formally settled after the establishment of the People’s Republic of China.
The Gelao language belongs to the Han-Tibetan language family Cheap Nike Air Max Clearance , while the language branch and group are still undefined. They have no written language, but use Chinese characters.
Because the Gelao are widely spread geographically, there are many differences among their dialects. Today only a few of them can speak their mother tongue, and Chinese is the language for communication. Some people can speak Miao Cheap Air Max 95 Clearance , Yi and Puyi languages.
The topography is complex where most Gelao people live. The annual rainfall is higher than the average rainfall of China, allowing the people to develop agriculture and industries.
People living on flat terrain eat rice, while people in mountainous areas mostly eat corn and potatoes. They love food made of polished glutinous rice. Some people cook rice and corn together, which is called “gold and silver food.”
They also eat vegetables Cheap Air Max 90 Clearance , bean products and meat. The Gelao people prefer sour and spicy taste. Almost every family makes pickles.
The Gelao people brew wine with corn, jowar and rice. It is called “papo jiu” (Climbing Wine), an indispensable part of etiquette during festivals.
Traditionally, Gelao men wear a collarless robe with buttons down the front to the knees. They wear belts and tie the front and back at the waist.
Gelao women wear short jackets and wide-legged pants. The women also sometimes wear black sleeveless robes decorated with patterns. The back part is usually longer than the front. It is a traditional robe called “Gelao Robe.” Both men and women cover their heads with long towels.
The Gelao women are known for their weaving. Their best-known product is “tiedi bu” (iron flute cloth) Cheap Air Max Clearance , which is durable and elegant.
Today’s Gelao costumes are almost the same as that of Hans and other groups of people nearby.
Gelao people are also music lovers, with traditional musical instruments including erhu, short flute, suona Cheap Nike Air Max 95 Womens , gong and drums.
There is a wide range of folk songs in the Gelao people’s cultural legacy, including ancient songs, working songs, love songs Cheap Nike Air Max 90 Womens , children’s songs, and even songs for drinking wine.
The songs popular in mountainous areas in northern Guizhou Province have their distinctive features. They are often sung when people work together. Two middle-aged singers sing chorus or perform musi. Wholesale Cheap Jerseys Wholesale Cheap NHL Jerseys China Wholesale NFL Jerseys China Wholesale Basketball Jerseys Wholesale Cheap Basketball Jerseys Wholesale Baseball Jerseys Free Shipping Wholesale Authentic Soccer Jerseys Wholesale NHL Hockey Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap NCAA Jerseys